Beer, T and Ricci, P.F. (1999) A Quantitative Risk Assessment Method Based on Population and Exposure Distributions Using Australian Air Quality Data. Environment International, 25 (6-7). pp. 887-898.
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Article Link(s): http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0160-4120(99)00064-1
Publisher URL: http://www.elsevier.com
This paper develops a practical probabilistic method for assessing aggregate population health risks from different types of population exposures. The method consists of calculating the product of two functions: a population-weighted distribution of concentrations and a concentration-response distribution. This operation yields the corresponding aggregated health-risk distribution function. The method can use alternative exposure-response distributions and populations-specific exposure patterns, depending on the context of the assessment. A deterministic sensitivity analysis is included in the methodological aspects of this research. The distributions of concentrations are generated by combining area-specific population densities with atmospheric concentrations for each of the areas where exposure to air pollutants occurs. The exposure-response functions are developed from the literature. The method is exemplified using alternative exposure probabilities to carbon monoxide, nitrogen dioxide, particulate matter (PM10), and exposure-response models developed specifically for these pollutants for assessing health risks, and applied to data from a number of Australian cities. The results, which hold when the functions are monotonic, show single maximum per pollutant, regardless of the choice of exposure and exposure-response distribution. Although those maxima are often below the Australian Air Pollution Standards there are instances when this is not the case.
|Additional Information:||© Elsevier Ltd.|
|Keywords:||Air pollution; probabilistic method; assessing aggregate population health risks.|
|Subjects:||Science > Science (General)|
|Deposited On:||31 Jul 2007|
|Last Modified:||07 Jun 2011 00:22|
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