Lloyd, A.C. and Hamacek, E.L. and Kopittke, R.A. and Peek, T. and Wyatt, P.M. and Neale, C.J. and Eelkema, M. and Gu, H. (2010) Area-wide management of fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) in the Central Burnett district of Queensland, Australia. Crop Protection, 29 (5). pp. 462-469.
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Article Link(s): http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cropro.2009.11.003
Publisher URL: http://www.elsevier.com
Queensland fruit fly, Bactrocera tryoni (Froggatt), is the most serious pest of the native tephritid species in Australia and a significant market access impediment for fruit commodities from any area where this species is endemic. An area-wide management (AWM) program was implemented in the Central Burnett district of Queensland with the aim of improving fruit fly control and enhancing market access opportunities for citrus and other fruits produced in the district. The primary control measures adopted in the AWM system included bait spraying of commercial and non-commercial hosts and the year-round installation of male annihilation technology (MAT) carriers in both orchards and town areas. The MAT carrier used consisted of a dental wick impregnated with 1 ml cue-lure [4-(4-acetoxyphenol)-2-butanone] and 1 ml Malathion 500 EC in a plastic cup. The application of these control measures from 2003 to 2007 resulted in overall suppression of fruit fly populations across the entire district. Male trap catches at the peak activity time were reduced by 95% and overall fruit fly infestation in untreated backyard fruit of town areas reduced from 60.8% to 21.8%. Our results demonstrate remarkable improvement in fruit fly control and economic benefit to the Central Burnett horticulture. Therefore, commercial growers are continuing the AWM program as a long-term, industry funded activity, to provide an additional layer of phytosanitary security for market access of fruit commodities from this district.
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|Keywords:||Area-wide management; protein baiting; male annihilation; citrus; bactrocera tryoni; pest species; fruit fly control.|
|Subjects:||Agriculture > Plant pests and diseases > Pest control and treatment of diseases. Plant protection|
Plant pests and diseases > Pest control and treatment of diseases. Plant protection
Science > Zoology > Invertebrates > Insects
|Deposited On:||27 May 2010 00:57|
|Last Modified:||04 Apr 2011 02:37|
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