Nahrung, H.F. and Schutze, M.K. and Clarke, A.R. and Duffy, M.P. and Dunlop, E.A. and Lawson, S.A. (2008) Thermal requirements, field mortality and population phenology modelling of Paropsis atomaria Olivier, an emergent pest in subtropical hardwood plantations. Forest Ecology and Management, 255 (8-9). pp. 3515-3523.
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Article Link(s): http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2008.02.033
Publisher URL: http://www.elsevier.com
Paropsis atomaria is a recently emerged pest of eucalypt plantations in subtropical Australia. Its broad host range of at least 20 eucalypt species and wide geographical distribution provides it the potential to become a serious forestry pest both within Australia and, if accidentally introduced, overseas. Although populations of P. atomaria are genetically similar throughout its range, population dynamics differ between regions. Here, we determine temperature-dependent developmental requirements using beetles sourced from temperate and subtropical zones by calculating lower temperature thresholds, temperature-induced mortality, and day-degree requirements. We combine these data with field mortality estimates of immature life stages to produce a cohort-based model, ParopSys, using DYMEX™ that accurately predicts the timing, duration, and relative abundance of life stages in the field and number of generations in a spring–autumn (September–May) field season. Voltinism was identified as a seasonally plastic trait dependent upon environmental conditions, with two generations observed and predicted in the Australian Capital Territory, and up to four in Queensland. Lower temperature thresholds for development ranged between 4 and 9 °C, and overall development rates did not differ according to beetle origin. Total immature development time (egg–adult) was approximately 769.2 ± S.E. 127.8 DD above a lower temperature threshold of 6.4 ± S.E. 2.6 °C. ParopSys provides a basic tool enabling forest managers to use the number of generations and seasonal fluctuations in abundance of damaging life stages to estimate the pest risk of P. atomaria prior to plantation establishment, and predict the occurrence and duration of damaging life stages in the field. Additionally, by using local climatic data the pest potential of P. atomaria can be estimated to predict the risk of it establishing if accidentally introduced overseas. Improvements to ParopSys’ capability and complexity can be made as more biological data become available.
|Additional Information:||© Crown Copyright.|
|Keywords:||DYMEX™; eucalypt; seasonal plasticity; voltinism.|
|Subjects:||Science > Zoology > Invertebrates > Insects|
Agriculture > Forestry
Agriculture > Plant pests and diseases
Plant pests and diseases
|Deposited On:||02 Feb 2009 03:50|
|Last Modified:||04 Apr 2011 22:50|
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